The orthopedic surgeries are becoming popular in both rural as well as urban areas. Knee joint problems can be recovered through joint replacement surgery. India is a land which has witnessed several improvements in medical science. The popularity of India in this particular field has reached to such an extent that even international crowds are being pulled here for better treatments at cost effective rates. This largely contributes to the country’s medical tourism.
The discovery of ultra-modern medical devices which are equipped at the top hospitals of India is a remarkable achievement of Indian medical sphere. When these effective medical tools left at the hands of the expert surgeons, you can guess the quality of the outcome. Beside several other surgeries joint replacement surgery is very popular in India. Generally due to adverse effects of arthritis when the patient suffers from the unbearable pains of knee joint, at this situation when all other techniques fail, knee replacement is the only option which are prescribed by the doctors to the patients. In this kind of situation the patient’s cartilage (the main substance acting as a protective cushion between joints) gets damaged and the result is that the surrounding tissues are affected. As time passes the cartilage gets further eroded and the adverse situation is reached when the other bones start rubbing against each other. After a successful surgery, one can get relieved from the excruciating joint pains.
Surgery is never the first option to treat joint arthritis. Initially the patient undergoes the treatment through pain medication or special exercisers or physiotherapy. Only when these treatment techniques fail the doctor suggests a joint replacement surgery to the patient.
Osteoarthritis is the most common kind of arthritis when knee replacement surgery is the only option. Osteoarthritis can also be termed as degenerative arthritis since it occurs due to degradation of the joints (specifically over the knee area or wrist or hip or spine). Due to the act of this disease the mentioned areas get swelled up, stiffen, become more red and tender. The symptoms comes into notice slowly. Usually this occurs due to aging but this can also led to obesity and injury.
Rheumatoid arthritis is another big cause which leads to joint replacement surgery. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammation disease where focus is laid over the lining of the joint areas. Due to the worse effects of this disease stiffness and swelling and the inflamed lining can damage and invade cartilage and bone.
Knee replacement surgery can be partial or total. This depends upon the condition of the patient. The doctor after diagnosing the knee joint condition decides whether the patient should undergo total knee replacement surgery or partial knee replacement surgery.